Wednesday, October 2, 2013

ALAN TURING....the 2WW code breaker...genius


Alan Turing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alan Turing
Alan Turing photo.jpg
Turing at the time of his election to Fellowship of the Royal Society
BornAlan Mathison Turing
23 June 1912
Maida Vale, London, England, United Kingdom
Died7 June 1954 (aged 41)
Wilmslow, Cheshire, England, United Kingdom
ResidenceUnited Kingdom
FieldsMathematics, Cryptanalysis,Computer science
InstitutionsUniversity of Cambridge
Government Code and Cypher School
National Physical Laboratory
University of Manchester
Alma materKing's College, Cambridge
Princeton University
ThesisSystem of Logic based on Ordinals (1938)
Doctoral advisorAlonzo Church[1]
Doctoral studentsRobin Gandy[1]
Known for
Notable awardsOfficer of the Order of the British Empire
Fellow of the Royal Society
Alan Mathison TuringOBEFRS (/ˈtjʊərɪŋ/ tewr-ing; 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954), was an English mathematician, logiciancryptanalyst, and computer scientist. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, giving a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer.[2][3][4] Turing is widely considered to be the father of computer science and artificial intelligence.[5]
During World War II, Turing worked for the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking centre. For a time he was head of Hut 8, the section responsible for German naval cryptanalysis. He devised a number of techniques for breaking German ciphers, including the method of the bombe, anelectromechanical machine that could find settings for the Enigma machine.
After the war, he worked at the National Physical Laboratory, where he designed the ACE, one of the first designs for a stored-program computer. In 1948 Turing joined Max Newman's Computing Laboratory at Manchester University, where he assisted in the development of the Manchester computers[6] and became interested in mathematical biology. He wrote a paper on the chemical basis of morphogenesis, and predicted oscillating chemical reactions such as the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction, which were first observed in the 1960s.


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